ePlasty: Vol. 19
Two-Stage Prosthetic Breast Reconstruction With Integrated Versus Remote Port Expanders: A Comparison of Complication Rates
Joshua H. Choo, MD,a Mitchell J. Buller, MD,b Michelle O'Brien, MD,c Ron Hazani, MD, Adam Augenstein, MD, John P. Tutela, MD, and Bradon J. Wilhemi, MDd

aDepartment of Plastic Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Ky; bDepartment of Plastic Surgery, University of South Florida, Tampa; cDepartment of Orthopaedics, University of Cincinnati School of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio; and dDepartment of Plastic Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Ky


Correspondence: joshua.choo@louisville.edu
Dr Hazani is in private practice, Beverly Hills, Calif; Dr Augenstein is in private practice, Charlotte, NC; and Dr Tutela is in private practice, New York, NY.
Keywords: remote tissue expanders, integrated tissue expanders, breast reconstruction, remote port complications, prosthetic breast reconstruction

Background: Ever since their introduction, tissue expanders for breast reconstruction have undergone a gradual evolution from remote port expanders to the integrated port expanders commonly in use today.  .......